گزارش‌های جدید گونه‌های سارگاسوم (سارگاسه- فئوفایتها) از سواحل خلیج فارس و دریای عمان در ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه زیست‌شناسی دانشگاه اصفهان.

2 استادیار گروه زیست‌شناسی دانشگاه اصفهان.

3 دانشیار گروه زیست‌شناسی دانشگاه اصفهان

4 دانشیار مؤسسه تحقیقات علوم شیلاتی ایران.

5 استاد دپارتمان گروه زیست‌شناسی دانشگاه گنت، بلژیک.

چکیده

جنس Sargassum C. Agardh متعلق به جلبک‌های قهوه‌ای بوده که علیرغم مطالعات متعدد، یکی از مهمترین جنس‌های پیچیده از نظر سیستماتیک محسوب می‌شود. فلور جلبک‌های ایران نسبت به سایر آبزیان کمتر مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است. در این مقاله، 7 گزارش جدید گونه‌های سارگاسوم شامل Sargassum baccularia  (Mertens) C. A. Agardh, S. binderi Sonder, S. gemmiphorum Tseng et Lu, S. longifructum Tseng et Lu, S. henslowianum C. Agardh, S. boveanum J. Agardh var. aterrimum  Grunow , S. spinuligerum Sonder  گزارش شده است که صفات مهم در شناسایی این گونه‌ها شامل، شکل هولدفست، طول و عرض و حاشیه و راس برگ‌ها، شکل وزیکول‌ها و رسپتاکل‌ها می‌باشند. بیشترین گونه‌ها در استان سیستان و بلوچستان شامل S. spinuligerum, S. baccularia, S. henslowianum  S. longifructum  وکمترین گونه‌ها شامل  S. binderi, S. boveanum var atterimum در بندر لنگه و بوشهر پراکنش داشتند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


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