مطالعه ویژگیهای آناتومی شش گونه جنس (Onosma L. (Boraginaceae از ترکیه

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیئت علمی گروه زیست‌شناسی دانشگاه رجب طیب اردوغان، رایز، ترکیه.

2 عضو هیئت علمی گروه مهندسی زیست‌شناسی پزشکی، دانشگاه یوزییل، استانبول،‌ ترکیه.

3 عضو هیئت علمی گروه زیست‌شناسی دانشگاه گیرسون، گیرسون، ترکیه.

4 عضو هیئت علمی گروه ‌زیست‌شناسی ارزینجان، ارزینجان، ترکیه.‌

چکیده

در مطالعه حاضر گونه‌های زیر از نظر آناتومی ساقه و برگ با استفاده از میکروسکوپ نوری مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است.
Onosma discedens, Onosma tenuiflora, Onosma aucheriana, Onosma roussaei, Onosma rigida, Onosma trapezuntea.
 ویژگیهای آناتومی از طریق تجزیه خوشه‌ای و تجزیه به عامل‌ها مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفته است. اگرچه ویژگیهای آناتومی عمومی ساقه و برگ گونه‌ها شبیه است، لیکن برخی ویژگیهای آناتومی مثل نسبت پوست به قطر ساقه و آوند آبکش به آوند چوبی، متوسط تعداد ردیف‌های سلولهای کلانشیمی، نردبانی و اسفنجی و همچنین شاخص روزنه‌ها اهمیت بیشتری برای تعیین حدود گونه‌های مورد بررسی دارند. . این نتایج نشان داد که ویژگی‌های آناتومی در جدا کردن گونه‌های مورد بررسی می تواند مفید باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

ANATOMICAL FEATURES OF SIX ONOSMA L. (BORAGINACEAE) SPECIES FROM TURKEY

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seher Güven 1
  • Serdar Makbul 1
  • Osman Beyazoğlu 2
  • Zafer Türkmen 3
  • Ali Kandemir 4
1 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Biology, Rize, Turkey.
2 Yeni Yüzyıl University, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Istanbul, Turkey.
3 Giresun University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Biology, Giresun, Turkey.
4 Erzincan University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Biology, Erzincan, Turkey.
چکیده [English]

In the present  study, Onosma discedens Hausskn. & Bornm., Onosma tenuiflora Willd., Onosma aucheriana DC., Onosma roussaei DC., Onosma rigida Ledeb. and Onosma trapezuntea Boiss. & A.Huet ex Hand.-Mazz. were examined by light microscopy (LM) in terms of stem and leaf anatomy. The anatomical characters were numerically analyzed by cluster analysis (CA) and principal component analysis (PCA). Although general stem and leaf anatomical traits are very similar, some anatomical characters such as the ratio of cortex/diameter of stem and phloem/xylem, the average row number of collenchyma, palisade and spongy cells, and stomata index are more important for delimiting the investigated taxa. These results indicated that anatomical features would be useful in separating the examined species.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Anatomy
  • Onosma
  • Systematics
  • Turkey
Akçin, Ö. E. 2007a: Nutlets micromorphology of some Onosma L. (Boraginaceae) species from Turkey. -Biologia Bratislava 62: 684–689.
Akçin, Ö. E. 2007b: The morphological and anatomical properties of endemic Onosma armenum DC. (Boraginaceae) species. –International Journal of Natural and Engineering Sciences 1: 37–43.
Akçin, Ö. E. & Binzet, R. 2010: The micromorphological and anatomical properties of Onosma angustissimum Hausskn. & Bornm. and O. cassıum Boiss. (Boraginaceae). - Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 17: 1–8.
Akçin, Ö. E. & Binzet, R. 2011: Micromorphological studies on nutlets of some Onosma L. (Boraginaceae) species from Turkey. -Pakistan Journal of Botany 43: 743–752.
Aytaç, Z. & Türkmen, Z. 2011: A new Onosma L. (Boraginaceae) species from southern
Anatolia, Turkey. -Turkish Journal of Botany 35: 269–274.
Azizian, D., Khatamsaz, M. & Kasaian, J. 2000: The taxonomic significance of leaf anatomy in the genus Onosma L. (Boraginaceae) in Iran. -The Iranian Journal of Botany 8: 167–180.
Ball, P. W. 1972: Onosma L. in Tutin, T. G., Heywood, V. H., Burges, N. A., Valentine, D.
H., Walters, S. M. & Webb, D. A. (eds.) Flora Europea 4: 89–94. -Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.
Beyazoğlu, O., Türkmen, Z., Coşkunçelebi, K., Makbul, S. & Kodal, G. 2008: The morphological and leaf anatomical features of some Onosma L. (Boraginaceae) species. -19. National Biology Congress, Trabzon, Turkey, pp. 332. (in Turkish).
Binzet, R. 2011: Pollen morphology of some Onosma species (Boraginaceae) from Turkey. - Pakistan Journal of Botany 43: 731–741.
Binzet, R. & Akçin, Ö. E. 2012: The anatomical properties of two Onosma L. (Boraginaceae) species from Turkey. -Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 6: 3288–3294.
Binzet, R., Kandemir, İ. & Orcan, N. 2010: Palynological classification of Onosma L. (Boraginaceae) species from east Mediterranean region in Turkey. -Acta Botanica Croatica 69: 259–274.
Binzet, R. & Orcan, N. 2007: A new species of Onosma L. (Boraginaceae) from southern Turkey. -Novon, A Journal for Botanical Nomenculature 17: 8–10.
Cadirci, E., Suleyman, H., Aksoy, H., Halici, Z., Ozgen, U., Koç, A. & Ozturk, N. 2007: Effects of Onosma armeniacum root extract on ethanol-induced oxidative stress in stomach tissue of rats. -Chemico-Biological Interactions 170: 40–48.
Cecchi, L., Coppi, A. & Selvi, F. 2011: Evolutionary dynamics of serpentine adaptation in Onosma (Boraginaceae) as revealed by ITS sequence data. -Plant Systematics and Evolution 297: 185–199.
Coşkunçelebi, K., Makbul, S., Türkmen, Z. & Beyazoğlu, O. 2008: Anatomical properties of some endemic Onosma L. (Boraginaceae) species. -19. National Biology Congress, Trabzon, Turkey, pp. 334. (In Turkish).
Davis, P. H., Mill, R. R. & Tan, K. 1988: Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands vol. 10: 590. -Edinburg Univ. Press, Edinburg.
Diane, N., Jacob, C. & Hilger, H. H. 2003: Leaf anatomy and foliar trichomes in Heliotropiaceae and their systematic relevance. -Flora 198: 468–485.
El-Shazly, A., Abdel-Ghani, A. & Wink, M. 2003: Pyrrolizidine alkoloids from Onosma arenaria (Boraginaceae). -Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 31: 477–485.
Güner, A. 2000: Onosma L. in Güner, A., Özhatay, N., Ekim, T. & Baser, K. H. C. (eds.), Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. -Edinburgh Univ. Press, Edinburgh.
Kandemir, A. & Türkmen, Z. 2010: A new species of Onosma (Boraginaceae) from eastern Turkey. -Turkish Journal of Botany 34: 277–282.
Maggi, F., Kolarčik, V. & Mártonfi, P. 2008: Palynological analysis of five selected Onosma taxa. -Biologia 63: 183–186.
Makbul, S., Coskuncelebi, K. & Beyazoglu, O. 2011a: Notes on the stem anatomy of Scorzonera (Asteraceae) taxa from northeast Turkey. -Phytologia Balcanica 17: 113–121.
Makbul, S., Coskuncelebi, K., Türkmen, Z. & Beyazoglu, O. 2011b: Comparison of foliar anatomy of Scorzonera L. (Asteraceae) taxa from northeast Anatolia. -Pakistan Journal of Botany 43: 135–155.
Makbul, S., Türkmen, Z., Kandemir, A. & Beyazoglu, O. 2008a: Morphological, anatomical and palynological properties of endemic Onosma sintenisii Hausskn. & Bornm. (Boraginaceae). -The Herb Journal of Systematic Botany 15: 125–136.
Makbul, S., Türkmen, Z., Coskuncelebi, K. & Beyazoglu, O. 2008b: Anatomical and pollen characters in the genus Epilobium L. (Onagraceae) from northeast Anatolia. -Acta Biologica Cracoviensia Series Botanica 50: 57–67.
Mehrabian, A. R., Sheidai, M., Noormohammadi, Z., Asrei, Y. & Mozafarian, V. 2011. Inter - simple sequence repeats (ISSR) and morphological diversity in Onosma L. (Boraginaceae) species in Iran. -African Journal of Biotechnology 10(53): 10831–10838.
Metcalfe, C. R. & Chalk, L. 1979: Anatomy of Dicotyledons. Oxford Univ. Press, London.
Özgen, U., Coşkun, M., Kazaz, C. & Seçen, H. 2004: Naphthoquinones from the roots of Onosma argentatum Hub.-Mor. (Boraginaceae). -Turkish Journal of Chemistry 28: 451–454.
Özörgücü, B., Gemici, Y. & Türkan, İ. 1991: Comparative Plant Anatomy. -Ege Univ., Science Fac. Publications, No: 129, Izmir, Turkey. (In Turkish).
Pignatti, S. 1982: Flora of Italy. -Edagricole, Bologna.
Podani, J. 1993: Multivariate Data Analysis in Ecology and Systematic, A methodological guide to Syn-Tax 5.0 Package. -SPB Academic Publishing, Netherlands.
Qureshi, U. S. & Qaiser, M. 1987: Palynological study of Onosma (Boraginaceae) from Pakistan. -Pakistan Journal of Botany 19: 99–105.
Riedl, H. 1978: Boraginaceae in Davis, P. H. (ed.) Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean Islands vol. 6: 237-437. -Edinburg Univ. Press, Edinburgh.
Riedl, H., Binzet, R. & Orcan, N. 2005: A new species of Onosma (Boraginaceae- Lithospermeae) from southern Turkey. -Edinburgh Journal of Botany 61: 127–130.
Selvi, F. & Bigazzi, M. 2001: Leaf surface and anatomy in Boraginaceae tribe Boragineae with respect to ecology and taxonomy. -Flora 196: 269–285.
Sneath, P. H. A. & Sokal, R. R. 1973: Numerical Taxonomy: The principles and practice of numerical classification. -W. H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco.
Teppner, H. 1981: Karyosystematik von Onosma stellulatum, O. pygmaeum und O. leptanthum (Boraginaceae). -Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 192: 297–306.
Teppner, H. 1991: Karyology of some Greek Onosma species (Boraginaceae). –Botanica
Chronika 10: 271–292.
Teppner, H. 1996: Die Onosma arten (Boraginaceae- Lithospermeae) rumäniens. -Stapfia 45:47–54.
Türkmen, Z. 2006: Morphological and palynological features of Onosma L. (Boraginaceae) taxa distributed in Black Sea Region of Turkey, PhD Thesis, K.T.U., Institute of Science, Trabzon, Turkey. (in Turkish).
Vardar, Y. 1987: Preparation Technique in Botany. -Science Fac. Publications, Izmir, Turkey. (In Turkish).
Watson, L. & Dallwitzs, M. J. 1991: The families of angiosperm: automated descriptions, with interactive identification and information retrieval. -Australian Systematic Botany 4: 681–695.
Yentür, S. 2003: Plant anatomy. -Istanbul University, Science Fac., Biology Dep., No: 227, Istanbul, Turkey (in Turkish).