جدائی و خویشاوندی گونه‌های جنس پسته در ایران بر پایه روش IRAP

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه زیست‌شناسی دانشگاه اصفهان.

2 استاد پردیس علوم دانشگاه تهران.

3 استاد گروه زیست‌شناسی دانشگاه اصفهان.

چکیده

این مطالعه به بررسی موقعیت حدود تاکسون­های مفروض جنس پسته در ایران می‌پردازد. با توجه به تفاوت نظرات تاکسونومیک ارایه شده و از صفات ریخت­شناختی مبتنی بر شکل برگ ار مارکر آی­رَپ استفاده شد. همینطور عدد کروموزومی انتهای ریشه شمارش شد. پس از مطالعه ریخت‌شناسی و جغرافیایی از میان 383 نمونه تعداد 16 واحدعمل­کردی (اوتی­یو) به عنوان نماینده انتخاب و بررسی شد. داده­های حاصل به صورت فنتیک و کلادیستیک تحلیل گردید و بر پایه مشاهدات و بررسی منابع این نتیجه­گیری و پیشنهاد حاصل شد که در نتیجه آنیوپلوییدی این جنس در ایران 3 سیتودیم دارد و گونه­های تاکسونومیک را باید بر این اساس توجیه نمود.

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