Silene baccifera، یک گونه رکورد جالب برای فلور ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشکده زیست شناسی و قطب فیلوژنی موجودات زنده، پردیس علوم، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 فارغ التحصیل کارشناسی ارشد، گروه زیست‌شناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور، مرکز تهران شرق، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار پژوهشی بخش تحقیقات گیاه‌شناسی، مؤسسه تحقیقات جنگلها و مراتع کشور، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

جنس (Caryophyllaceae, Sileneae) Silene، متنوع‌ترین جنس تیره میخکیان و چهارمین جنس بزرگ فلور ایران است. مطالعه پیش رو،
S. baccifera از بخش منوتیپیک Cucubalus Silene sect. را به عنوان رکورد جدید برای فلور ایران گزارش می‌کند. این گونه با دارا بودن صفات ریخت‌شناختی جالب توجهی از جمله فرم رویشی بالارونده، میوه‌های سته کاذب و همچنین کاسه‌های نعلبکی شکل برگشته به راحتی از بقیه گونه‌های جنس قابل تشخیص است. با احتساب S. baccifera تعداد بخش‌های شناخته شده این جنس در ایران به 17 و تعداد گونه‌ها نیز به 121 افزایش می‌یابد. گونه مذکور بصورت کامل شرح داده شده و نقشه پراکنش به همراه سطح حفاظتی آن ارایه شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

SILENE BACCIFERA (CARYOPHYLLACEAE), A NEW RECORD FOR THE FLORA OF IRAN

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shahram Bahadori 1
  • Esmaeil jarchi 2
  • Mohammad Mahmoodi 3
1 School of Biology and Center of Excellence in Phylogeny of Living Organisms, College of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Biology, Payam-e Noor University, East Center of Tehran, ،Tehran, Iran.
3 Botany Research Division, Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Silene (Caryophyllaceae, Sileneae), the most diverse taxon of the pink family, is the fourth-largest genus of the flora of Iran. The current study reports S. baccifera of the monotypic Silene sect. Cucubalus, as a new record for the flora of Iran. Ascending habit, pseudoberry fruits, and deflexed saucer-shaped calyxes are the striking characteristics of S. baccifera, by which the species could be unmistakably distinguished among other congeneric taxa. The number of species and sections of Silene known for Iran by taking S. baccifera into account increases to 121 and 17, respectively. A complete description of S. baccifera along with its distribution map and conservation status herein is presented.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Silene baccifera
  • Sect. Cucubalus
  • Cucubalus baccifer
  • new record
  • Iran
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