معرفی 13 گونه جدید جلبکهای خاکزی از شالیزارهای استان گلستان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد، گروه زیست‌شناسی دانشگاه اصفهان

2 استادیار، گروه زیست‌شناسی دانشگاه اصفهان

3 استادیار، گروه زیست‌شناسی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد گرگان

چکیده

در این تحقیق 17 گونه جلبک از شالیزارهای استان گلستان شناسایی گردید. فلور جلبکی از 5 ایستگاه در شالیزارهای مورد مطالعه طی پائیز 1386 تا تابستان 1387 انتخاب شد.
 Lyngbya perelegans Lemm,. L. rubida Fremy, L. laxespiralis Skuja, L. sordida Gomont, L. putealis Mont. ex Gomont, L. dendrobia Bruhl & Biswas, L. scotii Fritsch, L. polysiphoniae Fremy, L. erugineo–coerulea Gomont, L. cryptovaginata Schkorbatow, L. spiralis Geitler, L. nigra C. Ag. ex Gomont, L. kashyapii Ghose برای اولین بار از شالیزارهای ایران گزارش می‌گردند.
 Lyngbya rubida در فصل بهار و زمستان، L. perelegans  در فصل  تابستان، L. kashyapii   و L. dendrobia  در فصل  پاییز گونه‌های غالب در همه ی ایستگاهها بودند. ویژگیهای آرایه شناسی این گونه‌ها و اطلاعات پیرامون پراکنش اکولوژیکی آنها نیز ارائه می‌گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


Afsharzadeh, S., Nejadsatari, T., Rahiminejad, M. R. & Ebrahimnejad, M. 2003: Study of algal flora in Zayanderood river. -Iranian Journal of Biology 14: 32-45.

Anagnostidis, K. & Komarek, J. 1990: Modern approaches to the classification of Cyanophyta, stigonematales. -Archieves for Hydrobiology 14: 224–286.

Bold, H. C. & Wynne, M. J. 1985: Introduction to the algae. pp. 35-42. -New Jersey: Prentice-Hall International Inc. ISBN 0-13-477746-8.

Broady, P. A., Garrick, R. & Anderson, G. 1984: Culture studies on the morphology of ten strains or Antartic Oscillatoriaceae (Cyanobacteria). -Polar Biol.2: 233-244.

Compere, P. 1981: Algues-bes-deserts. -Iran. Bull. Jrd. Bot. Nap. Belg 51:3- 40.

Desikachary, T. V. 1959: Cyanophyta, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, monographs on Algae. -New Delhi, India

Fernández-Valiente, E. & Leganés, F. 1989: Regulatory effect of pH and incident irradiance on the levels of nitrogenase activity in the cyanobacteriumNostoc UAM 205. -Journal of Plant Physiology135: 623-627.

Ghasemi, Y., Tabatabei Yazdi, M., Shokravi, Sh., Soltani, N. & Zarrini, G. 2003: Antifungal and antibacterial activity of paddy fields Cyanophyta from the north of Iran. -J. Sci. I. R. Iran.14: 203-209.

 Grossman, A. R., Schaefer, M. R., Chiang, G. G. & Collier, J. L. 1993: Environmental effects on the light-harvesting complex of Cyanophyta. -Journal of Bacteriology 175 (3): 575-582.

Hickman, M., 1978: Ecological studies on the epiphelic algal community in five prairie parkland lakes in central Alberta. -Can. J. Bot. 56: 991–1009.

Hirano, M. 1973: Fresh water algae from Mesopotamia. -Contr. Biol. Lab. Kyoto, Univ. 24 (2): 105-119.

Islam, M. R. & Whitton, B. A. 1992: Cell composition and nitrogen fixation by the deep water rice field Cyanobacterium (blue-green alga) Calothrix D764. –Microbios 69: 77-88.

Jeong–Dong, K. & Choul–Gyun, L. 2008: Diversity of heterocystous filamentous Cyanophyta from rice paddy field, and their differential susceptibility to ten fungicides used in Korea. -Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology vol. 16 (2): 240-246.

John, D. M., Whitton, B. W. & Brook, A. J. 2002: The Freshwater Algal Flora of the British Isles. -Cambridge University Press.

Kaushik, B. D. 1987: Laboratory methods for blue–green algae. -Associated publishing company, New Delhi, India.

Nowruzi, B.  & Ahmadi-Moghadam, A. 2004: New records of relationship between soil macro elements and the distribution of the heterocystous Cyanophyta in paddy fields, wheat fields in Golestan province. -Iranian Journal of Biology vol. 20: 89-98.

Prescott, G. W. 1962: Algae of the Western Great Lake Area. -W.M.C. Brown Company Pub.

Quesada, A., Nieva, M., Leganés, F., Ucha, A., Martín, M., Prosperi, C.  & Fernández-Valiente, E. 1998: Acclimation of Cyanophytal communities in rice fields and response of nitrogenase activity to light regime. -Microbial Ecology 35: 147-155.

Quesada, A., Sánchez-Maeso, E.  & Fernández-Valiente, E. 1995: Seasonal variation of chemical properties of rice field soil from Valencia, Spain. –Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 26 (1&2): 1-19.

Sepehri, S., Nejad-Satari, T., 2003: Studies on blue-green algae (Cyanophyta) with emphasis on Stigonemataceae family from paddy fields around Gorgan. -Dissertation of Master degree. Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Shokravi, Sh., Amirlatifi, F., Safaie, M., Ghasemi, Y. & Soltani, N. 2006: Some physiological responses of Nostoc sp. JAH 109 to the combination effects of limited irradiance, pH and DIC availability. -Quarterly Journal on Plant Science Researches vol. 1(3): 55-63.

Shokravi, Sh., Soltani, N. &  Baftechi, L. 2007: Cyanobacteriology. -Islamic Azad Univ. Publication.

Siahbalaei, R., Afsharzadeh, S., & Shokravi, Sh. 2008: Three new records of Oscillatorian cyanophyta for the paddy fields algal flora of Iran. -Journal on Plant Researches 1 (9): 1-5.

Soltani, N., Khavari-Nejad R., Tabatabaie, M., Shokravi, SH. & Valiente, E. F. 2006: Variation of Nitrogenase Activity, photosynthesis and pigmentation of cyanobacterium Fischerella ambigua strain FS18 under different irradiance and pH. -World Microbiol. Biotechnol. 22 (6): 571-576.

Ullmann, I. & Budel, B. 2001: Ecological determinates of species compositions of biological soil crusts on landscape scale. In Biological soil crust: structure, function and management (eds. Belnap, J. and Lange, O. L.) -Springer, Berlin, 203-213pp.

Whitton, A. B. & Potts, M. 2000: The Ecology of Cyanophyta. -Kluwer Academic Publishers: 233-255pp.

Zarei-Darki, B. 2009: Algoflora of Iran Rivers, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine M. G. Kholodny Institute of Botany. -Ukrainian Botanical Journal no.3: 284-294.